Zim - A Desktop Wiki
Zim uses templates when exporting pages. This way you can for example write your website in zim and export it to HTML using the layout and style definition of you choice.
Templates are also used to initialize new pages.
If you are looking for information for file templates for attachments, see Attachments
Template Editor Dialog
The Template Editor Dialog can be accessed with the menu item "Edit" -> "Templates". It will show a list of templates that are available, and allows you to view and edit them.
Templates can either be system defaults, or custom templates in your home folder. When you edit them, a copy is made of the default to your home folder, and this copy is than edited. The remove function again deletes this custom version, but does not touch the default template.
Note: if you try to edit for example a HTML template, and it opens in the web browser instead of in your default text editor, the cause is most likely that you did not explicitly configure a text editor in the preferences. Go to the Preferences Dialog and specify your text editor.
Templates are located in /usr/share/zim/templates/ and ~/.local/share/zim/templates by default. You can add templates you use more often there. To modify a template copy it to the ~/.local/... directory and edit it.
For a list of templates for exporting see Export and subpages.
This template is used to initialize new pages. The default contains a header with the page name and the date at which the page was created.
This template is used to initialize new pages in the Journal section.
The template is a combination of the normal document output that you want to produce (e.g. HTML or Latex) combined with template instructions. The normal text is passed on to the output unmodified, while the instructions get replaced by the output of the template processing.
Template instructions can have to forms:
[% some expression %]
<!--[% some expression %]-->
The first is typically used but the second form can look better in HTML or XML templates as it is parsed as an XML comment by other tools.
Expressions used in template instructions can be:
True, False, None # literal true, false and none "string", 'string', 5, 5.0 # text or number [.., .., ..] # list variable # variable name variable.name, # variable name with named attributes mylist.0 # variable containing a list with index function(.., ..) # function call
The following operators can be used:
and or not == # Equals != # Not equals > # Greater than >= # Greater or equal than < # Less than <= # Less or equal than
Valid variable names can contain letters (a - z) and numbers (0 - 9) and underscores ( _ ). The first character of the variable name must be a letter.
An instruction can be one of the following:
GET SET IF expr EL(S)IF expr .. ELSE .. END FOR var IN expr .. END FOREACH var = expr ... END BLOCK name .. END INCLUDE name or expr -- block or file
The instruction is always in upper case letters. The expressions within can be either upper or lower case names.
Get & Set
[% expr %] # implicit GET [% GET expr %]
With GET you evaluate an expression and the result is put into the output. Typically the expression will just be a variable name.
[% SET var = expr %]
With SET you assign a variable. It does not output in the result and the instruction will be removed.
[% IF expr %] ... [% END %] # conditionals
[% IF expr %] ... [% ELSIF expr %] ... [% ELSE %] ... [% END %]
In any of these constructs the expression is evaluated and depending on the result one of the blocks is added to the output. Used to include optional output in the template
[% FOR var IN expr %] # loop ... [% END %]
[% FOREACH var = expr ] ... [% END %]
In these instructions the result of an expression — typically an input variable — is iterated and for each iteration the block is evaluated.
Within the loop the variable "var" is available and set to result of the iteration.
In addition there is a special variable "loop" that can be used to access the loop state. It is defined with following attributes:
loop.first True / False loop.last True / False loop.parity "even" or "odd" loop.even True / False loop.odd True / False loop.size n loop.max n-1 loop.index 0 .. n-1 loop.count 1 .. n loop.outer outer "loop" or None loop.prev previous item or None loop.next next item or None
[% BLOCK name %] ... [% END %] [% INCLUDE name %]
A BLOCK can be defined anywhere in the template and then included in other places using the INCLUDE statement. This is useful e.g. for template parts that repeat multiple times in the document. Note that a BLOCK is always defined in the top level scope, so you can not put them e.g. in an IF clause to define alternative versions. A BLOCK may be defined after the location where they are used.
Objects and functions
Most variables behave partially as objects, which means that it is possible to call object methods on them. The following standard (python) object methods are commonly supported:
Strings: 'capitalize', 'center', 'count', 'endswith', 'expandtabs', 'ljust', 'lower', 'lstrip', 'replace', 'rjust', 'rsplit', 'rstrip', 'split', 'splitlines', 'startswith', 'title', 'upper'
Lists: 'get', 'len', 'reversed', 'sorted'
Dictionary: 'get', 'keys', 'values', 'items', 'len', 'reversed', 'sorted'
The following standard (python) functions are supported: len(list), sorted(list), reversed(list), range(start, end).
Other functions defined for all templates:
%W for weeknumber according to locale
%Y for the year to which the week belongs
Template variables and functions
Only a single variable is defined for new pages:
page .name .section .basename
See also the Journal Plugin for some properties available for journal pages
When using templates when exporting the following set of variables and functions is available in the export template:
generator .name Zim version number "Zim x.xx" .user The current user name title Page title navigation links to other export pages (if not included in the same output file) .home .up .prev .next links Sorted dictionary with links to other export pages (index, plugins, etc.) link .name .basename pages Iterator over all content to be exported (special + content) .special Sorted dictionary with special pages to be included (index, plugins, etc.) .content Iterator with pages being exported to this file (1 or more) page .title Either the first heading, or the page name .name The page name .section The name of the parent page, if any .basename The page name without the section name .heading First heading of the page .body Full body minus first heading .content Heading + body .headings(max_level) Split the page content by headings headingsection .level Heading level .heading Heading text .body Content below this heading .content Content including the heading .properties .links .backlinks .attachments file .basename .mtime .size options Dictionary with template options that can be set to control the output format
collapse: if TRUE only branches related to the current page are visible, if FALSE all branches are visible - defaults to TRUE
ignore_empty: if TRUE empty pages are ignored — defaults to TRUE.
For export templates there is a paramter "options" that allows setting options for the export format. You can set an option in a template using e.g.:
[% options.line_breaks = 'remove' %]
The following options are supported:
- options.line_breaks: value should be either "default" or "remove", controls line breaks (<br> elements) in paragraphs
- options.empty_lines: value should be either "defualt" or "remove", controls whether empty lines in the source should be inserted as <br> elements in the HTML output
- options.document_type: one of "report", "article" or "book". Controls the heading type used.
Zim always includes some images when exporting for the checkboxes used in checkbox lists. To customize these there should be template resources named "checked-box.png", "unchecked-box.png" and "xchecked-box.png" in this folder.
For the web interface the resources can also contain a "favicon.ico" to serve as the favicon of the website.